The French region of Burgundy’s clay-limestone soil nourishes its vineyards. The region’s geography, climate and geology are ideal for Chardonnay and Pinot Noir vines, which are the region’s primary grape varieties.
The Burgundy region is divided into small agricultural plots; local residents think of these as “microclimates,” which have their own unique characteristics in terms of weather, human influence and soil quality.
Each year, approximately 200 million bottles of wine are produced in the Burgundy region, representing 0.3% of worldwide wine production.
Burgundy is known worldwide for the quality of its wines, and the region produces some of the most sought-after wines in the world.
The classification of Burgundy wines can seem complex, but it involves four levels, referred to as appellations: Regional, Communal, Premier Cru and Grand Cru.